I was browsing the web and came across this awesome map of submarines cable that make up the internet backbone.
This is how and why we live in a connected world.
Lets keep is simple:-
You are from the UK and want to access google.com what happens?
From the wireless router in your home you request google.com, the request is then sent through BT Telephone Network (UK Telecom’s Provider) to your local telephone exchange and onward to the backbone of the Internet. Looking at the map below you can see the submarines cables connecting the world in our case one of the submarine cables to America would be used. Once the requests reaches America it uses local telecom’s companies to route the signal to google servers.
Google receives this request and sends the google page back across the Atlantic to the UK and to your home.
Clicking on picture below will take you to https://www.submarinecablemap.com/
Below is a Traceroute from the UK to google.
Each IP address is a server that has passed my request to google. A server is basically a physical computer so in this case it took 7 computers in different locations to pass my request to google requesting the google webpage.
%> traceroute google.com
traceroute to 22.214.171.124 (126.96.36.199), 20 hops max, 60 byte packets
1 lon.gw (188.8.131.52) 2.341 ms 2.358 ms 2.518 ms
2 inx.as13213.net (184.108.40.206) 0.608 ms 0.660 ms 0.853 ms
3 220.127.116.11 (18.104.22.168) 0.936 ms 22.214.171.124 (126.96.36.199) 0.566 ms 0.553 ms
4 188.8.131.52 (184.108.40.206) 1.114 ms 1.113 ms 1.096 ms
5 220.127.116.11 (18.104.22.168) 1.340 ms 22.214.171.124 (126.96.36.199) 1.340 ms 1.562 ms
6 188.8.131.52 (184.108.40.206) 1.438 ms 220.127.116.11 (18.104.22.168) 1.446 ms 22.214.171.124 (126.96.36.199) 1.488 ms
7 lhr35s11-in-f14.1e100.net (188.8.131.52) 1.291 ms 1.282 ms 1.527 ms